Tuesday, 7 April 2015

Peninsular Malaysia & Central Thailand - Feb/Mar 2015

This was a seven day birding trip to Peninsular Malaysia followed by a ten day birding trip to Central Thailand. My original concept was to visit Central and Southern Thailand, as I had already had a successful trip to Northern Thailand.  Following advice from others on the condition of the national parks in Southern Thailand, I decided to do Peninsular Malaysia instead. This gave a greater spread of bird species, although there was still some overlap between target species in Peninsular Malaysia and Central Thailand.
Spoon-billed Sandpiper site at Pak Thale
I arranged the trip to Peninsular Malaysia with Terence Ang of Perak Tours, which followed a standard itinerary from Kuala Lumpur heading north to the lowlands of Taman Negara and then up into the highlands of Bukit Fraser, with visits to Bukit Tinggi, Krau Wildlife Reserve and Payah Indah Wetlands along the way. It was very hot and humid at Taman Negara and quite pleasant at Bukit Fraser being at higher altitude. The birding at Taman Negara was hard going and many of the birds were not calling or responding to playback. Overall it was an excellent trip and it was a pleasure birding with Terence.

The seven days birding in Malaysia was very successful with 214 birds seen and another 6 birds heard only, which produced 65 lifers. The only Pitta of the Malaysian trip was a Blue-winged Pitta seen at Taman Negara, although we did hear a Malayan Banded Pitta calling once from across the river.

The trip to Central Thailand was organised by Stijn de Win of Birdingtours2Asia and also followed a standard itinerary from Bangkok to Pak Thale for the Spoon-billed Sandpiper, followed by visits to the national parks of Kaeng Krachan, Mae Wong and Khao Yai. We also birded at Petchaburi Paddyfields, Bueng Boraphet Wetlands and Wat Phra Phutthabat Noi Temple along the way. Peter Waanders from South Australia accompanied me for the Central Thailand trip and we have previously done a number of birding trips together.

We received two proposals for birding in Central Thailand and selected Birdingtours2Asia, which was more expensive, as we had previously had a successful trip to Northern Thailand with Stijn de Win. About a month prior to the trip we were informed about a change in guide and were given assurances that the new guide; “… has done countless trips for us and has lived in Thailand for over 20 years. I’m sure you will be in very good hands. He will have already finished 3 or 4 Thai trips this year before you will start so you can be sure he will be up to date with all the latest Thai birding news. He speaks good English of course but also is fluent in Thai which may always come handy on a trip. You can be sure it will not affect the quality of your trip.  
That all seemed fine and the proposed guide, an expat Swede living in Thailand, had a good reputation according to various trip reports. As it transpired the guide for Thailand did not come anywhere close to meeting our expectations and although we had a good trip, it could have been a lot better, if we had had a guide who was physically fit and keen to actually go walking in the forests to look for birds. Peter Waanders and I resorted to walking the roads and forest trails ourselves, and were successful in finding quite a few of our target birds. We would however have been a lot more successful had our guide accompanied us!

Despite this, the ten days birding in Thailand was successful with 302 birds seen and another 7 birds heard only, however this only produced 43 lifers. There were at least another 35 possible lifers on my list (birds listed as possible by the tour operator) which I didn’t see. I don’t expect to see all the possible birds but I do expect that we would at least try for them. For example we didn’t do any nocturnal birding for Spotted Owlet, White-fronted Scops Owl or Mountain Scops Owl, all of which were possible lifers.
The only Pitta of the Thailand trip was a Blue Pitta which was heard by the side of the road and our guide advised against looking for it, as it was widespread and could be seen elsewhere. Well as it transpired we didn’t hear another Blue Pitta, let alone see one, although we did see a birding group from BirdQuest looking for the Blue Pitta in the forest after hearing its call. Our guide preferred to drive around at speed though the national parks, on the off-chance of hearing one call?

I subsequently informed Stijn de Win that the Central Thailand trip was very disappointing and that I wouldn’t be doing any further tours with Birdingtours2Asia.
I flew from Melbourne with Malaysian Airlines which has direct flights to KL and connecting flights to Bangkok. No problems with the flights and there was plenty of room on the planes.     

Trip Report
Peninsular Malaysia

Friday 27th February: KL to Bukit Tinggi to Taman Negara
Met up with Terence Ang at 5:30am at my hotel in KL before heading up to Bukit Tinggi for some early morning birding. Had a stake-out at Bukit Tinggi for the shy and elusive Mountain Peacock-pheasant, an endemic for Malaysia. We saw an adult and juvenile bird, quite dark pheasants but they have some beautiful blue colours on the tail which can be seen at times.

Other interesting birds seen included Raffles’s Malkoha, Silver-breasted Broadbill, Tiger Shrike, Cinereous Bulbul, Grey-throated Babbler and Pin-striped Tit-babbler. The mist started to come in, which made birding difficult, so we headed off at 10:30am for Taman Negara National Park. 

Raffles's Malkoha
Arrived at Taman Negara and checked into our comfortable and spacious accommodation. Took a small ferry across the river to start our birding in the forests of Taman Negara. Saw many interesting birds including brief views of Crestless Fireback, six Crested Partridge, Rusty-breasted Cuckoo, Square-tailed Drongo-cuckoo, Rhinoceros Hornbill, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Banded Woodpecker, Maroon Woodpecker, Buff-necked Woodpecker, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Black-and-red Broadbill, Rufous-winged Philentoma, Lesser Green Leafbird, Ochraceous Bulbul, Chestnut-winged Babbler, Rufous-crowned Babbler and Asian Fairy-bluebird.

Continued birding after dinner and saw a Barn Owl briefly in flight. Bit of a long day but a very successful day.
Saturday 28th February: Taman Negara
Today we had a full morning birding in Taman Negara, with a two hour break after lunch followed by late afternoon birding and then some evening birding.

In the morning we took a long walk along the river and then up some hills in the forest. Some areas of the forest were very quiet and we didn’t see many of the birds we had seen on the previous day, after revisiting some of the same areas. We did however see a nice range of birds including close-up views of Short-toed Coucal and Malayan Crested Jay. The Short-toed Coucal is identified by the black underwing seen only in flight. The Malaysian Crested Jay is usually difficult to locate and we managed to see two groups of birds, which was something special.
Also saw Large Green Pigeon, Banded Kingfisher, Black Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Black Magpie, Abbott’s Babbler, Greater Green Leafbird and Purple-naped Sunbird. We had a couple of Malaysian Rail-babbler calling fairly close but weren’t able to find the birds. A Great Argus was also heard but this bird was a long way off.

Clouded Monitor
After dinner we had good views of both Savanna and Large-tailed Nightjar. The Large-tailed Nightjar would call throughout the night and quite close to the accommodation, with a relentless “chop chop”.

Sunday 1st March: Taman Negara
Today we had another full morning birding in Taman Negara, with a two hour break after lunch followed by late afternoon birding and then some evening birding.

In the morning we visited a different part of the forest and had great views of a pair of Lesser Fish Eagle close to their nesting site. In the same area we were trying to locate a babbler that we could hear, when I spotted a Chestnut-naped Forktail in the undergrowth. Very nice looking bird and the only one seen for the trip. Other nice birds seen included Raffles’s Malkoha, Chestnut-breasted Malkoha, Scarlet-rumped Trogon, Blue-banded Kingfisher, Yellow-crowned Barbet, Sooty Barbet (split from Brown Barbet), Banded Woodpecker, Checker-throated Woodpecker, Crimson-winged Woodpecker, Orange-backed Woodpecker, Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot, Banded Broadbill, Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Dark-throated Oriole and Ferruginous Flycatcher.
During the afternoon walk I spotted a Blue-winged Pitta in the open and we had great views of the bird, this was the only pitta seen for the entire trip. We also had good views of Crested Partridge, Greater Coucal, Chestnut-winged Babbler and many Germain’s Swiftlet.

We had a boat trip scheduled, however as a result of the recent floods, this trip wasn’t operating. The floods must have been huge with the river rising some 80 to 90m and flooding much of the accommodation, which is situated within the national park and where most birders would usually stay.
Taman Negara has to be one of the top birding destinations in Peninsular Malaysia and we only saw a very small part of this huge reserve. Taman Negara was declared a national park in 1938 and is Malaysia's largest national park, covering over 434,300 hectares of primary forest and spaning across three states Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang. 

Monday 2nd March: Krau Wildlife Reserve and Bukit Fraser
Instead of birding at Taman Negara in the morning, we headed down to Jerantut birding along the way. We saw four Crested Honey Buzzard (Siberian subspecies) on migration, Changeable Hawk-eagle, Oriental Pied Hornbill and White-breasted Waterhen along the way.
Crested Honey Buzzard (Siberian subspecies) 
We then drove on to the Krau Wildlife Reserve, a lowland dipterocarp forest reserve covering over 60,000 hectares, located in the Titiwangsa Mountains in Pahang. The couple of hours of roadside birding was very productive and produced a nice range of malkohas, woodpeckers, broadbills and bulbuls. Interesting birds included Raffles’s, Chestnut-breasted and Green-billed Malkoha, Checker-throated, Crimson-winged, Orange-backed and Buff-rumped Woodpecker, Black-and-red, Black-and-yellow and Dusky Broadbill, Cream-vented, Asian Red-eyed, Spectacled, Hairy-backed Bulbul. The Arctic and Eastern-crowned Warbler were also seen and had been common at Taman Negara also.

After lunch we drove to The Gap (start of the road up to Bukit Fraser) arriving at 1:30pm and then birded up the road to the village of Bukit Fraser (Fraser’s Hill). Later on we checked into our comfortable and spacious accommodation and after dinner continued birding into the evening.

Interesting birds seen included Rufous-bellied Hawk-eagle, Grey Nightjar, Fire-tufted Barbet, Black-browed Barbet, Rufous Piculet, Greater and Lesser Yellownape, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, the impressive Common Green Magpie, Grey-chinned Minivet, Yellow-bellied Warbler, Golden Babbler, Blue Nuthatch, Orange-bellied Leafbird and Black-throated Sunbird.
Another very productive and enjoyable day with 85 species recorded reflecting the range of habitats visited. It was a lot cooler in Bukit Fraser and a pleasure to walk around without sweating buckets. Met up with some English birders in the evening and they were feeling the heat at Bukit Fraser. They were birding by themselves without transport, so doing a lot of walking and their next destination was nine days at Taman Negara, so in for some tough birding.

Tuesday 3rd March: Bukit Fraser
Today we had a full day at Bukit Fraser, with a short break after lunch, birding through into the evening.

Interesting birds seen during the morning included Dark Hawk-cuckoo, Collared Owlet, pair of Long-tailed Broadbill at nest, Blyth’s Shrike-babbler, Black-and-crimson Oriole, Streaked Wren-babbler, Malayan Laughingthrush (an endemic, split from Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush in 2006), Everett’s White-eye, Rufous-browed Flycatcher, Large Niltava and White-tailed Robin.

Large Niltava (tail missing!)
In the afternoon we took a drive down to The Gap for some dusk birding and saw Rhinoceros Hornbill, Blyth’s Hawk-eagle, Bat Hawk, Grey Nightjar, Malaysian Eared Nightjar, Golden-whiskered Barbet, Red-throated Barbet and Slaty-backed Forktail.
Grey Nightjar
After dinner we did some spotlighting and heard Mountain Scops Owl and Brown Wood Owl, although didn’t see either. I have seen Brown Wood Owl previously at Bukit Fraser and the Mountain Scops Owl is very difficult to see, even though we had a couple of birds calling very close.

Wednesday 4th March: Bukit Fraser
Today we had another full day at Bukit Fraser, with a short break after lunch, birding through into the evening.

In the morning we took a walk around the Telekom Loop, a well known birding route.  Interesting birds seen were about 20 migrating Crested Honey Buzzard (Siberian subspecies), plus Red-headed Trogon, Red-bearded Bee-eater, Lesser Shortwing, Yellow-browed Warbler, Chestnut-crowned Warbler and Fire-breasted Flowerpecker.

Red-headed Trogon
After lunch we took a drive down to Jeriau Falls and saw Wreathed Hornbill, Black-eared Shrike-babbler, White-bellied Erpornis and Dark-sided Flycatcher.

Thursday 5th March: Fraser’s Hill to Paya Indah Wetlands to KLIA
Morning birding at Fraser’s Hill on the road down to The Gap seeing Blue-eared Barbet plus fleeting glimpses of Chestnut-naped and Slaty-backed Forktail. We then stopped briefly at Millenium Park in Kuala Kubu Bahru for some lowland species, such as Brown Shrike and Paddyfield Pipit. We continued on southwards, skirting around KL and had lunch before arriving at Paya Indah Wetlands at midday.

These wetlands were good for birding and even though it was very hot and humid, we added quite a few birds to the trip list, such as Brahminy Kite, Yellow Bittern, Black Bittern, Blue-throated Bee-eater, Common Flameback, Zebra Dove, Golden-bellied Gerygone, Brown-throated Sunbird and Baya Weaver. While enjoying an ice cold coke we had two Black Baza land in a tree next to where we were sitting, very impressive raptors.
We packed up at 2:30pm and took the short drive to KLIA, well in time for my 6pm flight to Bangkok.

Central Thailand
Friday 6th March
Had a relaxing day and met up with Peter Waanders in the evening at a very pleasant restaurant within walking distance of the hotel.

Saturday 7th March: Pak Thale and Laem Pak Bia
Met up with our guide at 5am and drove through Bangkok and then southwest to the salt farms of Pak Thale and Laem Pak Bia. Thaibirding by Nick Upton provides very detailed and useful information on Laem Pak Bia and Pak Thale. The first target was the Spoon-billed Sandpiper which we found easily, seeing two birds out of the estimated six birds currently in the Gulf of Thailand.

Birding on the beach
At Pak Thale there were huge numbers of other interesting waders, including Grey Plover, Kentish Plover, Lesser and Greater Sand Plover, Black-tailed Godwit, Asian Dowithcer, Eurasian Curlew, Red-necked Stint, Curlew Sandpiper and Broad-billed Sandpiper. We didn’t spend much time there before heading to other ponds to locate the Nordmann's Greenshank.

Pallas's Gull
After this we took a short boat trip down an estuary to find the White-faced Plover, a subspecies of the Kentish Plover, plus saw a distant Chinese Egret, a couple of Malaysian Plover, Sanderling and a Pallas’s Gull in full breeding plumage. It is expected that the White-faced Plover will be split at some stage.

Kentish Plover (White-faced subspecies)
We then visited the Kings Project area, which has a mix of mangroves and settling pools, in the late afternoon through till early evening. There we saw Pin-tailed Snipe, Common Snipe, Greater Painted Snipe, Long-toed Stint, Temminck’s Stint, Little Ringed Plover, Ruff, Spotted Redshank and Indian Nightjar.

Temminck's Stint
We then drove to our comfortable accommodation at Baan Maka near Kaeng Krachan National Park for the night.
Sunday 8th March: Kaeng Krachan National Park
We drove into the national park in the morning and spent time at a small lake alongside the road, an area just before the Ban Krang campsite and at stream crossings 1 to 3. We heard Blue Pitta on the way in but didn’t look for it. Thaibirding by Nick Upton provides very detailed and useful information on Kaeng Krachan National Park.

Interesting birds included Tickell’s Brown Hornbill, Fork-tailed Drongo-cuckoo, Asian Barred Owlet, Orange-breasted Trogon, Blue-beared Bee-eater, Green-eared Barbet, Blue-eared Barbet, Greater Yellownape, Streak-breasted Woodpecker, Vernal Hanging Parrot, twelve Golden-crested Myna, Ruby-cheeked Sunbird and Crimson Sunbird.

Tickell's Brown Hornbill
The Asian Drongo-cuckoo was recently split into three species, the Fork-tailed, Square-tailed and Moluccan Drongo-cuckoo. The first two species overlap in range in both Thailand and Malaysia but can be separated by call and by their distinctive tail shape. Our guide however had no idea about the ranges of the respective drongo-cuckoos in Thailand and the Craig Robson field guide didn’t help either.
We heard Pale-legged Leaf Warbler but our guide was reluctant to look for it, so Peter took a short walk through the rainforest and managed to get good views and photos. I only went partway into the forest so only heard it calling but didn’t see it. Fortunately I did see it later in the trip.

Peter getting close-up photos of some interesting butterflies
At the three streams crossing our guide pointed out a track through the forest but wasn’t keen on walking it, so Peter and I took a walk along the path, where we found Common Green Magpie and some other birds. At this stage Peter and I started having some doubts about our guide, but it was still early days.

Masses of butterflies in road

Monday 9th March: Kaeng Krachan National Park
We had another full day in the national park and took a 4WD up into the higher parts around Panoeng Thoeng mountain.

Collared Babbler (torquatus subspecies) occurring in western and northern Thailand
Interesting birds included Bar-backed Partridge, Kalij Pheasant, Grey Peacock-pheasant, Crested Goshawk, Yellow-vented Green Pigeon, Banded Kingfisher, Great Hornbill, Blue-throated Barbet, Moustached Barbet, Bay Woodpecker, Rosy Minivet, Swinhoe’s Minivet, Grey Treepie, Ratchet-tailed Treepie, Buff-vented Bulbul, Sulphur-breasted Warbler, Collared Babbler, Rufous-fronted Babbler, Black-throated Laughingthrush and Hill Blue Flycatcher.

Great Hornbill
I had come across a Leaf Warbler when walking along the road and thought that it was a Blyth’s Leaf Warbler. Based on the Craig Robson field guide, the ticehursti subspecies with the yellowish flanks and white in the outer tail feathers, appeared to be the closest match but that subspecies apparently only occurs in southern Vietnam? Peter then found a similar bird and got some photos. Our guide thought that it was a Claudia’s Leaf Warbler but sent the photos off to some experts who confirmed that it was in fact a Sulphur-breasted Warbler.

The Leaf Warbler’s are a confusing species at the best of times with the Blyth’s Leaf Warbler being split into three species, Blyth’s, Claudia’s and Hartert’s Leaf Warbler. The very similar White-tailed Leaf Warbler has been split into Davison’s and Kloss’s Leaf Warbler. The Craig Robson field guide is out of date and doesn’t show any of the recent Leaf Warbler splits or provide any relevant illustrations.

Lar gibbon (Hylobates lar) also known as the White-handed Gibbon

Tuesday 10th March: Baan Song Nok
We spent the day at a permanent hide at Baan Song Nok close to our accommodation. 

Kalij Pheasant (lineata subspecies)
Interesting birds seen close up and allowing good photo opportunities included Green-legged Partridge, Kalij Pheasant, Large Scimitar Babbler, White-browed Scimitar Babbler, Greater and Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush, Black-naped Monarch, Racket-tailed Treepie, Pin-striped Tit-babbler and Abbott’s Babbler. We also saw Orange-headed Thrush at our accommodation at lunchtime.

Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush

Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush
Whilst this was a relaxing day and it was nice to get some decent photos, only 30 birds were seen for the day. It may have been better to go birding elsewhere in the afternoon and evening, to look for the many other special birds of Kaeng Krachan that we had missed, such as White-fronted Scops Owl and Blue Pitta. As the trip progressed we heard that many of our target birds were only found in Kaeng Krachan. Our guide was quite happy however to sit and take photos, which he later posted on Facebook and gave the impression of being a great guide!

Wednesday 11th March: Phetchaburi Paddyfields
Today we visited the farming area of Phetchaburi in the early morning before taking the long drive to Mae Wong National Park, situated northwest of Bangkok.

We saw just over 50 birds in the couple of hours birding along the roadside. The most interesting birds were Yellow Bittern, Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Freckle-breasted Woodpecker, Black-browed Reed Warbler, Stejneger’s Stonechat and Asian Golden Weaver.

The Stejneger’s Stonechat is a recent split from the Siberian Stonechat and both occur in Thailand. Our guide wasn’t forthcoming on the differences between these stonechats and their respective ranges. The best reference that I subsequently found was a blog Siberian Stonechats in Thailand which provides a good description and photos.

Local Thai photographer equipment usually focussed on a nesting site
On arrival at our chalets at Makbun close to Khlong Lan, we did a short walk and saw a Green Sandpiper.

Thursday 12th March: Wae Wong National Park
We drove into the national park in the morning and spent most of our time up at the top close to the Chong Yen campsite. Thaibirding by Nick Upton provides very detailed and useful information on Mae Wong National Park.

Whilst we had a good day birding, seeing about 60 birds, the park didn’t come anywhere close to the Birdingtours2Aisa claims that, “This park proves highly productive on any given day and is one of the few locations in Thailand where a day list of over 100 bird species is a good possibility. This park can easily match better known parks like Doi Inthanon or Doi Ang Khan when it comes to quality birding.” 

Myself and our guide
Whilst we did find the Coral-billed Scimitar-Babbler, we didn’t see the other specialities, such as the Rufous-necked Hornbill and Burmese Yuhina. Other interesting birds seen included Rufous-throated Partridge, Pin-tailed Green Pigeon, Cook’s Swift, Speckled Piculet, White-browed Piculet, Radde’s Warbler, Marten’s Warbler, Yunnan Fulvetta, Red-headed Trogon, Blue Whistling Thrush, Rufous-browed Flycatcher, Buff-breasted Babbler, Grey-throated Babbler, Small Niltava and Chestnut-flanked White-eye.
The Cook’s Swift were seen together with the more abundant Pacific Swift and were significantly different in appearance, having a narrower white rump.

Black-naped Monarch
Quite a few of our target birds were found by Peter and myself, which is not a problem, but at this stage in the trip we were doing much of birding on our own, whilst our guide sat around. We could have merely hired a driver to take us to the various national parks and used Nick Upton’s very detailed guides to find the best birding spots.

Friday 13th March: Mae Wong to Bung Boraphet
We had a morning’s birding in Mae Wong through till 11:30am, initially driving up to the Chong Yen campsite and spending some time around the campsite.

Peter and I then walked down the hill to a bird hide, birding along the way. Our guide in the meantime drove down to the hide and waited there. There were a couple of target birds we were after, such as the White-throated Bulbul, which we didn’t manage to find. We did however see some nice birds on the walk down the road including a pair of Long-tailed Broadbill.

Long-tailed Broadbill in the forest canopy
There were a few additional birds seen for the trip list which included Green Barbet, Silver-eared Laughingthrush, Striated Yuhina and Blue-throated Blue Flycatcher
We arrived at the Bueng Boraphet Wetlands at 3pm and birded through till 6pm. It was very hot and humid at the wetlands but quite a productive birding area. There we had great views of Eastern Marsh Harrier hawking over the wetlands, plus saw Oriental Pratincole, Freckle-breasted Woodpecker, Sand Martin, Plain-backed Sparrow, Dusky Warbler and about 10 Eastern Yellow Wagtail. Our guide was battling with the heat and had to retire to the car, whilst we continued birding.

Cotton Pygmy Goose
These wetlands were known as the wintering site for White-eyed River Martin. First found in 1968, it has not been seen since 1980 (unconfirmed sighting) despite targeted surveys in Thailand and neighbouring Cambodia, and is thought to be extinct. A detailed account of the White-eyed River-martin was published on the Oriental Bird Club website.

We overnighted in Nakhon Sawan.

Saturday 14th March: Bung Boraphet and Wat Phra Phuttahabat Noi
We had a boat trip at Bung Bhoraphet in the morning which was very pleasant. On the lake we had quite a few Ferruginous Duck (Pochard), many Cotton Pygmy Goose, a couple of Tufted Duck, hundreds of Lesser Whistling Duck and thousands of Garganey. 

Ferruginous Duck (Pochard)
Also saw Glossy Ibis, Eastern Marsh Harrier, Indian Swamphen (subspecies), Grey-headed Lapwing, Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Bronze-winged Jacana and Striated Grassbird. Back on shore we had good views of two Collared Owlet.

Grey-headed Lapwing
We then drove to the temple at Wat Phra Phuttahabat Noi which is set amongst limestone crags. The only target bird here was the localised Limestone Wren Babbler which our guide had said would be difficult to find in the afternoon heat. We heard several birds in the limestone crags and I eventually had one calling very close and got a glimpse of half the bird as it flew out of a tree. Peter managed to get far better views.  We stayed for close to three hours to try and get better views and eventually gave up.

I did see my first johnsoni subspecies of the Black-crested Bulbul which has the attractive red throat.  We then drove through to our comfortable chalet accommodation close to Khao Yai National Park.

Sunday 15th March: Khao Yai National Park

We had a full day in Khao Yai NP, which was very pleasant and wasn’t too busy considering it was the weekend. Thaibirding by Nick Upton provides very detailed and useful information on Khao Yai National Park.
We birded along the roads and at various sites throughout the national park. Interesting birds included Silver Pheasant, Siamese Fireback, Besra, Greater Flameback, Black-winged Cuckooshrike, Grey-eyed Bulbul, Claudia’s Leaf Warbler (ID’d by call), Alström's Warbler, Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, White-crested Laughingthrush, Blue Rock Thrush, Hainan Blue Flycatcher, Siberian Blue Robin and Cambodian Flowerpecker (subspecies).

Hainan Blue Flycatcher
On a forest walk Peter and I found a Black-and-buff Woodpecker which we were chuffed about. We also had Coral-billed Ground Cuckoo calling from the dense undergrowth close to the road but we couldn’t locate it.

White-rumped Shama
Close to dusk we were treated to a display of Brown-backed Needletail flying over a dam and swooping down to drink water. There were about four Silver-backed Needletail in amongst the 40 odd Brown-backed Needletail.

In the evening Peter bought a bottle of wine and we went to an excellent local restaurant which served very good Australian steaks. An expensive meal for Thailand at 600 Baht per person (A$24) but an enjoyable meal and the only decent meal that we had in Thailand.   

Monday 16th March:  Khao Yai to Bangkok Airport
We had a final morning of birding in Khao Yai NP finishing up at 11pm and heading back to our accommodation to have a shower and pack up.

Had a few new birds for the trip list, such as Red-breasted Parakeet and Two-barred Warbler. I also saw two White-bellied Erpornis on a forest walk.
We did see a Red-bellied Rock Thrush, the philippensis subspecies of the Blue Rock Thrush, which looks similar to a Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush rather than a Blue Rock Thrush. HBW states that “race philippensis is highly distinctive in plumage and to some extent apparently also in ecology, but intergradation extensive” and Mark Brazil in Birds of East Asia states that the “species merits splitting as Blue Rock Thrush and Red-bellied Rock Thrush”. 

Drove to Bangkok Airport arriving in plently of time for our early evening departures. 
Red Muntjac or Barking Deer

Birding Resources
Birds of South-east Asia by Craig Robson, updated edition 2010

Birds of Thailand by Craig Robson, first edition 2002
Unfortunately both these field guides are out of date and the illustrations are as per the original edition published in 2000. No details are provided on many of the recent splits, such as the Blyth’s Leaf Warbler (Blyth’s/Claudia’s/Hartert’s), Stonechats (Siberian/Stejneger’s) and Drongo-cuckoo (Fork-tailed/Square-tailed). 

For the combined Peninsular Malaysia and central Thailand trip I recorded a total of 423 birds of which 108 were lifers and 10 were heard only. The list of birds according to the IOC taxonomy, with subspecies identified where possible, was as follows:


Ducks, Geese & swans (Anatidae)

Lesser Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna javanica)

Cotton Pygmy Goose [coromandelianus] (Nettapus coromandelianus coromandelianus)

Garganey (Anas querquedula)

Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca)

Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula)


Pheasants, Fowl & Allies (Phasianidae)

Rufous-throated Partridge [tickelli] (Arborophila rufogularis tickelli)

Bar-backed Partridge [brunneopectus] (Arborophila brunneopectus brunneopectus)

Green-legged Partridge [sp] (Arborophila chloropus)

Crested Partridge (Rollulus rouloul)

Red Junglefowl [sp] (Gallus gallus)

Red Junglefowl [spadiceus] (Gallus gallus spadiceus)

Kalij Pheasant [sp] (Lophura leucomelanos)

Kalij Pheasant [lineata] (Lophura leucomelanos lineata)

Silver Pheasant [sp] (Lophura nycthemera)

Crestless Fireback [erythrophthalma] (Lophura erythrophthalma erythrophthalma)

Crested Fireback (Malay) (Lophura ignita rufa)

Siamese Fireback (Lophura diardi)

Mountain Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron inopinatum)

Grey Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron bicalcaratum)

Great Argus [argus] (Argusianus argus argus)


Grebes (Podicipedidae)

Little Grebe [sp] (Tachybaptus ruficollis)


Storks (Ciconiidae)

Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala)

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)


Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)

Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)

Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis)

Black Bittern [flavicollis] (Dupetor flavicollis flavicollis)

Black-crowned Night Heron (Eurasian) (Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax)

Striated Heron [sp] (Butorides striata)

Chinese Pond Heron (Ardeola bacchus)

Javan Pond Heron [continentalis] (Ardeola speciosa continentalis)

Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus)

Grey Heron (Grey) [jouyi] (Ardea cinerea jouyi)

Purple Heron (Purple) [manilensis] (Ardea purpurea manilensis)

Great Egret (Australasian) (Ardea alba modesta)

Intermediate Egret (Intermediate) (Egretta intermedia intermedia)

Little Egret [garzetta] (Egretta garzetta garzetta)

Pacific Reef Heron [sacra] (Egretta sacra sacra)

Chinese Egret (Egretta eulophotes)


Cormorants, Shags (Phalacrocoracidae)

Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger)

Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)

Anhingas, Darters (Anhingidae)

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)


Kites, Hawks & Eagles (Accipitridae)

Black-winged Kite [vociferus] (Elanus caeruleus vociferus)

Crested Honey Buzzard [sp] (Pernis ptilorhynchus)

Crested Honey Buzzard (Siberian) (Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis)

Malaysian Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus torquatus)

Black Baza [sp] (Aviceda leuphotes)

Black Baza [syama] (Aviceda leuphotes syama)

Crested Serpent Eagle [sp] (Spilornis cheela)

Crested Serpent Eagle (Crested) [malayensis] (Spilornis cheela malayensis)

Bat Hawk [alcinus] (Macheiramphus alcinus alcinus)

Changeable Hawk-eagle (Changeable) [limnaeetus] (Nisaetus cirrhatus limnaeetus)

Blyth's Hawk-eagle (Nisaetus alboniger)

Rufous-bellied Hawk-eagle [formosus] (Lophotriorchis kienerii formosus)

Crested Goshawk [indicus] (Accipiter trivirgatus indicus)

Besra [affinis] (Accipiter virgatus affinis)

Eastern Marsh Harrier (Circus spilonotus)

Black Kite (Black-eared) [lineatus] (Milvus migrans lineatus)

Brahminy Kite [sp] (Haliastur indus)

Brahminy Kite [intermedius] (Haliastur indus intermedius)

Lesser Fish Eagle [humilis] (Haliaeetus humilis humilis)


Rails, Crakes & Coots (Rallidae)

White-breasted Waterhen [phoenicurus] (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus)

Ruddy-breasted Crake [sp] (Porzana fusca)

Purple Swamphen [sp] (Porphyrio porphyrio)

Indian Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio poliocephalus)

Purple Swamphen (Black-backed) [viridis] (Porphyrio porphyrio viridis)

Common Moorhen [sp] (Gallinula chloropus)

Eurasian Coot [atra] (Fulica atra atra)


Stilts, Avocets (Recurvirostridae)

Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)

Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta)

Plovers (Charadriidae)

Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus)

Red-wattled Lapwing (Black-necked) (Vanellus indicus atronuchalis)

Grey Plover [squatarola] (Pluvialis squatarola squatarola)

Little Ringed Plover [sp] (Charadrius dubius)

Kentish Plover (Kentish) (Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus)

Kentish Plover (White-faced) (Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus)

Malaysian Plover (Charadrius peronii)

Lesser Sand Plover [sp] (Charadrius mongolus)

Greater Sand Plover [leschenaultii] (Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii)

Painted Snipes (Rostratulidae)

Greater Painted-snipe (Rostratula benghalensis)

Jacanas (Jacanidae)

Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus)

Bronze-winged Jacana (Metopidius indicus)

Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)

Pin-tailed Snipe (Gallinago stenura)

Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago)

Asian Dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus)

Black-tailed Godwit (Siberian) (Limosa limosa melanuroides)

Whimbrel [sp] (Numenius phaeopus)

Eurasian Curlew [orientalis] (Numenius arquata orientalis)

Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)

Common Redshank [sp] (Tringa totanus)

Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)

Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)

Nordmann's Greenshank (Tringa guttifer)

Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)

Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)

Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)

Ruddy Turnstone [interpres] (Arenaria interpres interpres)

Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris)

Sanderling [alba] (Calidris alba alba)

Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis)

Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii)

Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta)

Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)

Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus)

Eastern Broad-billed Sandpiper (Limicola falcinellus sibirica)

Ruff (Philomachus pugnax)

Coursers, Pratincoles (Glareolidae)

Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum)

Gulls, Terns & Skimmers (Laridae)

Brown-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus)

Pallas's Gull (Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus)

Gull-billed Tern (Common) [affinis] (Gelochelidon nilotica affinis)

Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia)

Greater Crested Tern [sp] (Thalasseus bergii)

Lesser Crested Tern [torresii] (Thalasseus bengalensis torresii)

Little Tern [sp] (Sternula albifrons)

Common Tern [sp] (Sterna hirundo)

Whiskered Tern [sp] (Chlidonias hybrida)

White-winged Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus)


Doves and Pigeons (Columbidae)

Rock Dove (Feral) (Columba livia ''feral'')

Red Turtle Dove [humilis] (Streptopelia tranquebarica humilis)

Spotted Dove (Eastern) [tigrina] (Spilopelia chinensis tigrina)

Little Cuckoo-dove [assimilis] (Macropygia ruficeps assimilis)

Little Cuckoo-dove [malayana] (Macropygia ruficeps malayana)

Common Emerald Dove [indica] (Chalcophaps indica indica)

Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata)

Thick-billed Green Pigeon [sp] (Treron curvirostra)

Thick-billed Green Pigeon [curvirostra] (Treron curvirostra curvirostra)

Large Green Pigeon [magnirostris] (Treron capellei magnirostris)

Pin-tailed Green Pigeon (Lowe's) (Treron apicauda lowei)

Yellow-vented Green Pigeon [seimundi] (Treron seimundi seimundi)

Mountain Imperial Pigeon [sp] (Ducula badia)

Mountain Imperial Pigeon (Mountain) [badia] (Ducula badia badia)


Cuckoos (Cuculidae)

Short-toed Coucal (Centropus rectunguis)

Greater Coucal (Greater) [intermedius] (Centropus sinensis intermedius)

Coral-billed Ground Cuckoo (Carpococcyx renauldi)

Raffles's Malkoha (Rhinortha chlorophaea)

Chestnut-breasted Malkoha (Chestnut-breasted) [singularis] (Phaenicophaeus curvirostris singularis)

Green-billed Malkoha [tristis] (Phaenicophaeus tristis tristis)

Asian Koel [malayanus] (Eudynamys scolopaceus malayanus)

Banded Bay Cuckoo [sonneratii] (Cacomantis sonneratii sonneratii)

Plaintive Cuckoo [sp] (Cacomantis merulinus)

Plaintive Cuckoo [querulus] (Cacomantis merulinus querulus)

Rusty-breasted Cuckoo [sepulcralis] (Cacomantis sepulcralis sepulcralis)

Square-tailed Drongo-cuckoo [brachyurus] (Surniculus lugubris brachyurus)

Fork-tailed Drongo-cuckoo [sp] (Surniculus dicruroides)

Dark Hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx bocki)


Barn Owls (Tytonidae)

Western Barn Owl (Eastern) (Tyto alba javanica)

Owls (Strigidae)

Mountain Scops Owl [vulpes] (Otus spilocephalus vulpes)

Brown Wood Owl (Brown) [maingayi] (Strix leptogrammica maingayi)

Collared Owlet [brodiei] (Glaucidium brodiei brodiei)

Asian Barred Owlet [sp] (Glaucidium cuculoides)


Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Malaysian Eared Nightjar (Lyncornis temminckii)

Grey Nightjar [sp] (Caprimulgus jotaka)

Large-tailed Nightjar [bimaculatus] (Caprimulgus macrurus bimaculatus)

Indian Nightjar [asiaticus] (Caprimulgus asiaticus asiaticus)

Savanna Nightjar (Savanna) [affinis] (Caprimulgus affinis affinis)


Treeswifts (Hemiprocnidae)

Grey-rumped Treeswift [harterti] (Hemiprocne longipennis harterti)

Swifts (Apodidae)

Glossy Swiftlet (Western) [cyanoptila] (Collocalia esculenta cyanoptila)

Himalayan Swiftlet [sp] (Aerodramus brevirostris)

Germain's Swiftlet [sp] (Aerodramus germani)

Germain's Swiftlet [germani] (Aerodramus germani germani)

Silver-backed Needletail (Hirundapus cochinchinensis)

Brown-backed Needletail [sp] (Hirundapus giganteus)

Asian Palm Swift [infumatus] (Cypsiurus balasiensis infumatus)

Pacific Swift [sp] (Apus pacificus)

Cook's Swift (Apus cooki)

House Swift [sp] (Apus nipalensis)


Trogons and Quetzals (Trogonidae)

Scarlet-rumped Trogon (Harpactes duvaucelii)

Orange-breasted Trogon [sp] (Harpactes oreskios)

Red-headed Trogon [sp] (Harpactes erythrocephalus)

Red-headed Trogon [chaseni] (Harpactes erythrocephalus chaseni)


Rollers (Coraciidae)

Indian Roller (Indochinese) (Coracias benghalensis affinis)

Oriental Dollarbird [sp] (Eurystomus orientalis)

Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Banded Kingfisher [sp] (Lacedo pulchella)

Banded Kingfisher (Banded) [pulchella] (Lacedo pulchella pulchella)

Stork-billed Kingfisher [malaccensis] (Pelargopsis capensis malaccensis)

White-throated Kingfisher (White-throated) [perpulchra] (Halcyon smyrnensis perpulchra)

Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata)

Blue-banded Kingfisher [peninsulae] (Alcedo euryzona peninsulae)

Common Kingfisher (Common) [bengalensis] (Alcedo atthis bengalensis)

Pied Kingfisher [leucomelanurus] (Ceryle rudis leucomelanurus)

Bee-eaters (Meropidae)

Red-bearded Bee-eater (Nyctyornis amictus)

Blue-bearded Bee-eater [athertoni] (Nyctyornis athertoni athertoni)

Green Bee-eater (Asian) [ferrugeiceps] (Merops orientalis ferrugeiceps)

Blue-tailed Bee-eater [javanicus] (Merops philippinus javanicus)

Blue-throated Bee-eater (Blue-throated) (Merops viridis viridis)

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater [leschenaulti] (Merops leschenaulti leschenaulti)


Hoopoes (Upupidae)

Eurasian Hoopoe (Eurasian) [longirostris] (Upupa epops longirostris)

Hornbills (Bucerotidae)

Rhinoceros Hornbill [rhinoceros] (Buceros rhinoceros rhinoceros)

Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)

Oriental Pied Hornbill [sp] (Anthracoceros albirostris)

Northern Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris albirostris)

Black Hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus)

Tickell's Brown Hornbill (Anorrhinus tickelli)

Wreathed Hornbill (Rhyticeros undulatus)


Asian Barbets (Megalaimidae)

Fire-tufted Barbet (Psilopogon pyrolophus)

Great Barbet [sp] (Megalaima virens)

Lineated Barbet [hodgsoni] (Megalaima lineata hodgsoni)

Green-eared Barbet [sp] (Megalaima faiostricta)

Golden-whiskered Barbet (Golden-whiskered) [laeta] (Megalaima chrysopogon laeta)

Red-throated Barbet [mystacophanos] (Megalaima mystacophanos mystacophanos)

Golden-throated Barbet [sp] (Megalaima franklinii)

Black-browed Barbet (Megalaima oorti)

Blue-throated Barbet [sp] (Megalaima asiatica)

Moustached Barbet [sp] (Megalaima incognita)

Yellow-crowned Barbet [henricii] (Megalaima henricii henricii)

Blue-eared Barbet [sp] (Megalaima duvaucelii)

Blue-eared Barbet (Black-eared) [duvaucelii] (Megalaima duvaucelii duvaucelii)

Coppersmith Barbet [indica] (Megalaima haemacephala indica)

Sooty Barbet (Caloramphus hayii)

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Speckled Piculet [malayorum] (Picumnus innominatus malayorum)

Rufous Piculet [abnormis] (Sasia abnormis abnormis)

White-browed Piculet [sp] (Sasia ochracea)

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker [sp] (Dendrocopos canicapillus)

Freckle-breasted Woodpecker (Freckle-breasted) [longipennis] (Dendrocopos analis longipennis)

Banded Woodpecker [malaccense] (Chrysophlegma miniaceum malaccense)

Checker-throated Woodpecker [humii] (Chrysophlegma mentale humii)

Greater Yellownape [sp] (Chrysophlegma flavinucha)

Greater Yellownape [wrayi] (Chrysophlegma flavinucha wrayi)

Lesser Yellownape (Malayan) [rodgeri] (Picus chlorolophus rodgeri)

Crimson-winged Woodpecker [observandus] (Picus puniceus observandus)

Streak-breasted Woodpecker (Picus viridanus)

Common Flameback [sp] (Dinopium javanense)

Common Flameback [javanense] (Dinopium javanense javanense)

Greater Flameback (Greater) [guttacristatus] (Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus guttacristatus)

Maroon Woodpecker (Blythipicus rubiginosus)

Bay Woodpecker [pyrrhotis] (Blythipicus pyrrhotis pyrrhotis)

Orange-backed Woodpecker [xanthopygius] (Reinwardtipicus validus xanthopygius)

Buff-rumped Woodpecker [grammithorax] (Meiglyptes tristis grammithorax)

Black-and-buff Woodpecker (Meiglyptes jugularis)

Buff-necked Woodpecker [tukki] (Meiglyptes tukki tukki)

Great Slaty Woodpecker [sp] (Mulleripicus pulverulentus)

Great Slaty Woodpecker [pulverulentus] (Mulleripicus pulverulentus pulverulentus)


Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)

Common Kestrel [sp] (Falco tinnunculus)


Parrots and Macaws (Psittacidae)

Vernal Hanging Parrot [sp] (Loriculus vernalis)

Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot (Loriculus galgulus)

Red-breasted Parakeet [fasciata] (Psittacula alexandri fasciata)


Broadbills (Eurylaimidae)

Black-and-red Broadbill [malaccensis] (Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos malaccensis)

Long-tailed Broadbill [sp] (Psarisomus dalhousiae)

Long-tailed Broadbill [psittacinus] (Psarisomus dalhousiae psittacinus)

Silver-breasted Broadbill [sp] (Serilophus lunatus)

Silver-breasted Broadbill (Silver-breasted) [rothschildi] (Serilophus lunatus rothschildi)

Banded Broadbill [pallidus] (Eurylaimus javanicus pallidus)

Black-and-yellow Broadbill (Eurylaimus ochromalus)

Dusky Broadbill [sumatranus] (Corydon sumatranus sumatranus)

Pittas (Pittidae)

Blue Pitta [sp] (Hydrornis cyaneus)

Malayan Banded Pitta [irena] (Hydrornis irena irena)

Blue-winged Pitta (Pitta moluccensis)

Thornbills (Acanthizidae)

Golden-bellied Gerygone [sulphurea] (Gerygone sulphurea sulphurea)

Woodshrikes and allies (Tephrodornithidae)

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike [sp] (Hemipus picatus)

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike [intermedius] (Hemipus picatus intermedius)

Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus hirundinaceus)

Rufous-winged Philentoma [pyrhoptera] (Philentoma pyrhoptera pyrhoptera)

Woodswallows, butcherbirds and allies (Artamidae)

Ashy Woodswallow (Artamus fuscus)

Ioras (Aegithinidae)

Common Iora [sp] (Aegithina tiphia)

Common Iora [horizoptera] (Aegithina tiphia horizoptera)

Cuckooshrikes (Campephagidae)

Javan Cuckooshrike (Coracina javensis)

Black-winged Cuckooshrike [sp] (Coracina melaschistos)

Lesser Cuckooshrike [culminata] (Coracina fimbriata culminata)

Rosy Minivet (Pericrocotus roseus)

Swinhoe's Minivet (Pericrocotus cantonensis)

Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus)

Grey-chinned Minivet [sp] (Pericrocotus solaris)

Grey-chinned Minivet [montanus] (Pericrocotus solaris montanus)

Long-tailed Minivet [sp] (Pericrocotus ethologus)

Scarlet Minivet [sp] (Pericrocotus speciosus)

Shrikes (Laniidae)

Tiger Shrike (Lanius tigrinus)

Brown Shrike [sp] (Lanius cristatus)

Grey-backed Shrike [tephronotus] (Lanius tephronotus tephronotus)

Vireos (Vireonidae)

White-bellied Erpornis [sp] (Erpornis zantholeuca)

Blyth's Shrike-babbler [sp] (Pteruthius aeralatus)

Blyth's Shrike-babbler (Blyth's) [cameranoi] (Pteruthius aeralatus cameranoi)

Black-eared Shrike-babbler [tahanensis] (Pteruthius melanotis tahanensis)

Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Dark-throated Oriole [xanthonotus] (Oriolus xanthonotus xanthonotus)

Black-naped Oriole [sp] (Oriolus chinensis)

Black-and-crimson Oriole [malayanus] (Oriolus cruentus malayanus)

Drongos (Dicruridae)

Black Drongo [sp] (Dicrurus macrocercus)

Ashy Drongo [sp] (Dicrurus leucophaeus)

Bronzed Drongo [aeneus] (Dicrurus aeneus aeneus)

Bronzed Drongo [malayensis] (Dicrurus aeneus malayensis)

Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo [sp] (Dicrurus remifer)

Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo [peracensis] (Dicrurus remifer peracensis)

Hair-crested Drongo [sp] (Dicrurus hottentottus)

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo [sp] (Dicrurus paradiseus)

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo [platurus] (Dicrurus paradiseus platurus)

Fantails (Rhipiduridae)

White-throated Fantail [sp] (Rhipidura albicollis)

White-throated Fantail [atrata] (Rhipidura albicollis atrata)

Malaysian Pied Fantail [longicauda] (Rhipidura javanica longicauda)

Monarch Flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Black-naped Monarch [sp] (Hypothymis azurea)

Black-naped Monarch [prophata] (Hypothymis azurea prophata)

Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Blyth's) [affinis] (Terpsiphone paradisi affinis)

Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Malay Crested Jay (Platylophus galericulatus ardesiacus)

Black Magpie [leucopterus] (Platysmurus leucopterus leucopterus)

Common Green Magpie [sp] (Cissa chinensis)

Common Green Magpie (Common) [robinsoni] (Cissa chinensis robinsoni)

Grey Treepie [assimilis] (Dendrocitta formosae assimilis)

Racket-tailed Treepie (Crypsirina temia)

Ratchet-tailed Treepie (Temnurus temnurus)

House Crow [sp] (Corvus splendens)

Slender-billed Crow (Sunda) (Corvus enca compilator)

Large-billed Crow (Large-billed) [macrorhynchos] (Corvus macrorhynchos macrorhynchos)

Eastern Jungle Crow (Corvus levaillantii)

Rail-babbler (Eupetidae)

Malaysian Rail-babbler (Eupetes macrocerus macrocerus)

Fairy Flycatchers (Stenostiridae)

Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher [sp] (Culicicapa ceylonensis)

Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher [antioxantha] (Culicicapa ceylonensis antioxantha)

Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Sultan Tit [sp] (Melanochlora sultanea)

Sultan Tit [flavocristata] (Melanochlora sultanea flavocristata)

Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Black-and-white Bulbul (Pycnonotus melanoleucos)

Black-headed Bulbul [atriceps] (Pycnonotus atriceps atriceps)

Black-crested Bulbul [sp] (Pycnonotus flaviventris)

Black-crested Bulbul [johnsoni] (Pycnonotus flaviventris johnsoni)

Black-crested Bulbul [caecilii] (Pycnonotus flaviventris caecilii)

Grey-bellied Bulbul [cyaniventris] (Pycnonotus cyaniventris cyaniventris)

Red-whiskered Bulbul [sp] (Pycnonotus jocosus)

Sooty-headed Bulbul [sp] (Pycnonotus aurigaster)

Stripe-throated Bulbul [sp] (Pycnonotus finlaysoni)

Stripe-throated Bulbul [finlaysoni] (Pycnonotus finlaysoni finlaysoni)

Flavescent Bulbul [vividus] (Pycnonotus flavescens vividus)

Yellow-vented Bulbul [sp] (Pycnonotus goiavier)

Yellow-vented Bulbul [analis] (Pycnonotus goiavier analis)

Streak-eared Bulbul [conradi] (Pycnonotus blanfordi conradi)

Cream-vented Bulbul [simplex] (Pycnonotus simplex simplex)

Asian Red-eyed Bulbul [brunneus] (Pycnonotus brunneus brunneus)

Spectacled Bulbul (Pycnonotus erythropthalmos)

Puff-throated Bulbul [sp] (Alophoixus pallidus)

Ochraceous Bulbul [sp] (Alophoixus ochraceus)

Grey-cheeked Bulbul [tephrogenys] (Alophoixus bres tephrogenys)

Hairy-backed Bulbul [criniger] (Tricholestes criniger criniger)

Grey-eyed Bulbul [sp] (Iole propinqua)

Buff-vented Bulbul [olivacea] (Iole olivacea olivacea)

Mountain Bulbul [sp] (Ixos mcclellandii)

Mountain Bulbul [peracensis] (Ixos mcclellandii peracensis)

Streaked Bulbul (Ixos malaccensis)

Ashy Bulbul [sp] (Hemixos flavala)

Cinereous Bulbul [cinereus] (Hemixos cinereus cinereus)

Black Bulbul [sp] (Hypsipetes leucocephalus)

Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Sand Martin [sp] (Riparia riparia)

Barn Swallow [sp] (Hirundo rustica)

Pacific Swallow [javanica] (Hirundo tahitica javanica)

Red-rumped Swallow [sp] (Cecropis daurica)

Cettia bush warblers and allies (Cettiidae)

Yellow-bellied Warbler [sp] (Abroscopus superciliaris)

Yellow-bellied Warbler [sakaiorum] (Abroscopus superciliaris sakaiorum)

Mountain Tailorbird [malayanus] (Phyllergates cuculatus malayanus)

Leaf warblers and allies (Phylloscopidae)

Dusky Warbler [robustus] (Phylloscopus fuscatus robustus)

Radde's Warbler (Phylloscopus schwarzi)

Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatus)

Arctic Warbler [borealis] (Phylloscopus borealis borealis)

Two-barred Warbler (Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus)

Pale-legged Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus tenellipes)

Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus)

Claudia's Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus claudiae)

Davison's Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus davisoni)

Sulphur-breasted Warbler (Phylloscopus ricketti)

Martens's Warbler (Seicercus omeiensis)

Alström's Warbler (Seicercus soror)

Chestnut-crowned Warbler [butleri] (Seicercus castaniceps butleri)

Reed warblers and allies (Acrocephalidae)

Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis)

Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps)

Thick-billed Warbler [sp] (Iduna aedon)

Grassbirds and allies (Locustellidae)

Striated Grassbird [toklao] (Megalurus palustris toklao)

Cisticolas and Allies (Cisticolidae)

Zitting Cisticola (Zitting) [malaya] (Cisticola juncidis malaya)

Rufescent Prinia [extrema] (Prinia rufescens extrema)

Yellow-bellied Prinia [rafflesi] (Prinia flaviventris rafflesi)

Plain Prinia [sp] (Prinia inornata)

Common Tailorbird [sp] (Orthotomus sutorius)

Common Tailorbird [maculicollis] (Orthotomus sutorius maculicollis)

Dark-necked Tailorbird [sp] (Orthotomus atrogularis)

Dark-necked Tailorbird [atrogularis] (Orthotomus atrogularis atrogularis)

Rufous-tailed Tailorbird [hesperius] (Orthotomus sericeus hesperius)

Ashy Tailorbird [cineraceus] (Orthotomus ruficeps cineraceus)

Babblers and Parrotbills (Timaliidae)

Large Scimitar Babbler [sp] (Pomatorhinus hypoleucos)

White-browed Scimitar Babbler [sp] (Pomatorhinus schisticeps)

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler [albogularis] (Pomatorhinus ferruginosus albogularis)

Grey-throated Babbler [sp] (Stachyris nigriceps)

Chestnut-winged Babbler [erythroptera] (Stachyris erythroptera erythroptera)

Rufous-fronted Babbler [sp] (Stachyridopsis rufifrons)

Golden Babbler [chrysops] (Stachyridopsis chrysaea chrysops)

Pin-striped Tit-babbler [sp] (Macronus gularis)

Pin-striped Tit-Babbler (Pin-striped) [chersonesophilus] (Macronus gularis chersonesophilus)

Fulvettas, Ground Babblers (Pellorneidae)

Brown-cheeked Fulvetta [sp] (Alcippe poioicephala)

Mountain Fulvetta [peracensis] (Alcippe peracensis peracensis)

Yunnan Fulvetta [fratercula] (Alcippe fratercula fratercula)

Limestone Wren-babbler [calcicola] (Napothera crispifrons calcicola)

Streaked Wren-babbler [sp] (Napothera brevicaudata)

Streaked Wren-babbler [leucosticta] (Napothera brevicaudata leucosticta)

Collared Babbler [sp] (Gampsorhynchus torquatus)

Abbott's Babbler [sp] (Malacocincla abbotti)

Abbott's Babbler [abbotti] (Malacocincla abbotti abbotti)

Scaly-crowned Babbler [cinereum] (Malacopteron cinereum cinereum)

Rufous-crowned Babbler [magnum] (Malacopteron magnum magnum)

Puff-throated Babbler [sp] (Pellorneum ruficeps)

Buff-breasted Babbler [sp] (Pellorneum tickelli)

Laughingthrushes (Leiothrichidae)

White-crested Laughingthrush [sp] (Garrulax leucolophus)

White-necked Laughingthrush (Garrulax strepitans)

Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush [sp] (Garrulax monileger)

Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush [subfusus] (Garrulax pectoralis subfusus)

Black-throated Laughingthrush [sp] (Garrulax chinensis)

Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush [major] (Garrulax mitratus major)

Silver-eared Laughingthrush [sp] (Trochalopteron melanostigma)

Malayan Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron peninsulae)

Blue-winged Minla [sordidior] (Minla cyanouroptera sordidior)

Silver-eared Mesia [tahanensis] (Leiothrix argentauris tahanensis)

Rufous-backed Sibia [sp] (Heterophasia annectans)

Long-tailed Sibia [wrayi] (Heterophasia picaoides wrayi)

White-eyes (Zosteropidae)

Striated Yuhina [striata] (Yuhina castaniceps striata)

Chestnut-flanked White-eye (Zosterops erythropleurus)

Japanese White-eye [simplex] (Zosterops japonicus simplex)

Oriental White-eye [sp] (Zosterops palpebrosus)

Everett's White-eye [tahanensis] (Zosterops everetti tahanensis)

Fairy-bluebirds (Irenidae)

Asian Fairy-bluebird [sp] (Irena puella)

Asian Fairy-bluebird (Asian) [malayensis] (Irena puella malayensis)

Nuthatches (Sittidae)

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch [sp] (Sitta frontalis)

Blue Nuthatch [expectata] (Sitta azurea expectata)

Starlings (Sturnidae)

Asian Glossy Starling [strigata] (Aplonis panayensis strigata)

Golden-crested Myna (Ampeliceps coronatus)

Common Hill Myna [sp] (Gracula religiosa)

Great Myna (Acridotheres grandis)

Javan Myna (Acridotheres javanicus)

Common Myna [tristis] (Acridotheres tristis tristis)

Pied Myna [floweri] (Gracupica contra floweri)

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Orange-headed Thrush [sp] (Geokichla citrina)

Chats and Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Oriental Magpie-robin [sp] (Copsychus saularis)

Oriental Magpie-robin [musicus] (Copsychus saularis musicus)

White-rumped Shama [interpositus] (Copsychus malabaricus interpositus)

White-rumped Shama [tricolor] (Copsychus malabaricus tricolor)

Dark-sided Flycatcher [sp] (Muscicapa sibirica)

Dark-sided Flycatcher [rothschildi] (Muscicapa sibirica rothschildi)

Asian Brown Flycatcher [sp] (Muscicapa dauurica)

Asian Brown Flycatcher [dauurica] (Muscicapa dauurica dauurica)

Ferruginous Flycatcher (Muscicapa ferruginea)

Rufous-browed Flycatcher [sp] (Anthipes solitaris)

Rufous-browed Flycatcher [malayana] (Anthipes solitaris malayana)

Hainan Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis hainanus)

Hill Blue Flycatcher [sp] (Cyornis banyumas)

Tickell's Blue Flycatcher [sp] (Cyornis tickelliae)

Blue-throated Blue Flycatcher [sp] (Cyornis rubeculoides)

Large Niltava [decipiens] (Niltava grandis decipiens)

Small Niltava [signata] (Niltava macgrigoriae signata)

Verditer Flycatcher [sp] (Eumyias thalassinus)

Verditer Flycatcher [thalassoides] (Eumyias thalassinus thalassoides)

Lesser Shortwing [wrayi] (Brachypteryx leucophris wrayi)

Siberian Blue Robin [sp] (Larvivora cyane)

White-tailed Robin [sp] (Myiomela leucura)

White-tailed Robin [leucura] (Myiomela leucura leucura)

Chestnut-naped Forktail (Enicurus ruficapillus)

Slaty-backed Forktail (Enicurus schistaceus)

Blue Whistling Thrush [sp] (Myophonus caeruleus)

Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki)

Taiga Flycatcher (Ficedula albicilla)

Little Pied Flycatcher [westermanni] (Ficedula westermanni westermanni)

Blue Rock Thrush [sp] (Monticola solitarius)

Red-bellied Rock Thrush (Monticola solitarius philippensis)

Stejneger's Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri)

Leafbirds (Chloropseidae)

Greater Green Leafbird [zosterops] (Chloropsis sonnerati zosterops)

Lesser Green Leafbird [sp] (Chloropsis cyanopogon)

Blue-winged Leafbird [sp] (Chloropsis cochinchinensis)

Blue-winged Leafbird (Blue-winged) [moluccensis] (Chloropsis cochinchinensis moluccensis)

Orange-bellied Leafbird (hardwickii) (Chloropsis hardwickii hardwickii)

Orange-bellied Leafbird [malayana] (Chloropsis hardwickii malayana)

Flowerpeckers (Dicaeidae)

Orange-bellied Flowerpecker (Orange-bellied) [trigonostigma] (Dicaeum trigonostigma trigonostigma)

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker [sp] (Dicaeum ignipectus)

Cambodian Flowerpecker (Dicaeum ignipectus cambodianum)

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker [dolichorhynchum] (Dicaeum ignipectus dolichorhynchum)

Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Ruby-cheeked Sunbird [sp] (Chalcoparia singalensis)

Ruby-cheeked Sunbird [singalensis] (Chalcoparia singalensis singalensis)

Plain Sunbird (Anthreptes simplex)

Brown-throated Sunbird (Brown-throated) [malacensis] (Anthreptes malacensis malacensis)

Purple-naped Sunbird [nuchale] (Hypogramma hypogrammicum nuchale)

Olive-backed Sunbird [sp] (Cinnyris jugularis)

Olive-backed Sunbird (Olive-backed) [flammaxillaris] (Cinnyris jugularis flammaxillaris)

Black-throated Sunbird [sp] (Aethopyga saturata)

Black-throated Sunbird [wrayi] (Aethopyga saturata wrayi)

Crimson Sunbird [sp] (Aethopyga siparaja)

Little Spiderhunter [cinireicollis] (Arachnothera longirostra cinireicollis)

Grey-breasted Spiderhunter [sp] (Arachnothera modesta)

Streaked Spiderhunter [sp] (Arachnothera magna)

Streaked Spiderhunter [pagodarum] (Arachnothera magna pagodarum)

Old World Sparrows and Snowfinches (Passeridae)

House Sparrow (Oriental) [indicus] (Passer domesticus indicus)

Plain-backed Sparrow (Passer flaveolus)

Eurasian Tree Sparrow [malaccensis] (Passer montanus malaccensis)

Weavers (Ploceidae)

Asian Golden Weaver [chryseus] (Ploceus hypoxanthus chryseus)

Baya Weaver [sp] (Ploceus philippinus)

Baya Weaver [infortunatus] (Ploceus philippinus infortunatus)

Waxbills, Munias and Allies (Estrildidae)

White-rumped Munia [subsquamicollis] (Lonchura striata subsquamicollis)

Scaly-breasted Munia [sp] (Lonchura punctulata)

Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)

Eastern Yellow Wagtail [sp] (Motacilla tschutschensis)

Grey Wagtail [cinerea] (Motacilla cinerea cinerea)

Richard's Pipit (Anthus richardi)

Paddyfield Pipit [sp] (Anthus rufulus)

Paddyfield Pipit [malayensis] (Anthus rufulus malayensis)

Olive-backed Pipit [sp] (Anthus hodgsoni)